A route is a highway , a via or a path which allows you to go on board a vehicle from one point to another. National , meanwhile, is that linked to a nation (the territory and / or the inhabitants of a country).
The idea of National route it is used in Argentina to name those routes whose maintenance corresponds to government national (that is, not to the provincial or municipal authorities). The body in charge of this task is called National Road Directorate .
National routes can be managed in different ways. In some cases, maintenance is developed directly by personnel of the National Road Administration ; in others, the responsibility is transferred to provincial entities or, in the case of the routes of border , to National Gendarmerie .
Other options are that national routes be maintained by Business private that are presented to a bidding or through a toll system . In this case, route users must pay each time they use the road.
It should be noted that the traffic rules They are not the same on all national routes. While the maximum speed for motorway cars is 130 kilometers per hour , in some mountain areas you can't beat the 60 kilometers per hour . The maximum speeds allowed also vary according to the pavement of the route (although most of the national routes of Argentina are paved, there are sections of gravel and ground).
By way of example of national route, we can mention the National Route 1 , popularly known as Highway Buenos Aires-La Plata , which has an extension of 50 kilometers .
In addition to the aforementioned route, we must highlight others that are very relevant in the Argentine country, such as these:
-Route National 9, which comes to unite what is the city of Buenos Aires with the border with Bolivia. It has a route of about 1,967 kilometers and stands out for being paved. It runs through places as significant as Santa Fe, Córdoba, Tucumán or Jujuy.
-Route National 11, which comes to unite what are the provinces of Santa Fe, Chaco and Formosa. It has a route of 980 kilometers and travels through cities such as Rosario, Colonia Benítez or Puerto Eva Perón, among others.
In Spain, on the other hand, it is spoken instead of a national national road route. In addition, it should be noted that all of these are part of the State Highway Network, together with what are highways and highways. As a general rule, national roads have a nomenclature that begins with the letter N, which is followed by three numbers:
-The first number refers to the sector between radial roads from where it leaves.
-The second number is the distance in a straight line from Madrid to its origin divided between 100 and kilometers.
-The third number is your order number.
Laws and Royal Decrees proceed to establish regulations regarding national roads, as is done with others that exist in Spanish territory such as those of the regional, provincial or local networks.