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A structure is a everything composed by various parts . When these parties proceed to organize differently, or some are added or removed, one can speak of a restructuring .

This concept, therefore, refers to the modification or alteration of a structure . The term can be applied in the most diverse fields, since the idea of ​​structure is very broad. For example: "The government announced a restructuring of the Ministry of Economy", "We will have to do a restructuring in the company to reduce costs", "With the hiring of Pablo Laficce, the radio station completed its restructuring and commitment to reach a younger audience".

It could be said that everything that is considered as a structure is susceptible to restructuring. In this sense, a team of soccer It can be restructured when the leaders fire the coach and hire another, in addition to terminating the four-player contract and adding two reinforcements. As can be seen, in this case, some parts (the old coach and the four dismissed players) come out completely (the team) and others (the new coach and the two reinforcements) enter.

In a company On the other hand, restructuring may include changes in the budget, production or workforce. The owner of a company that intends to carry out a restructuring, therefore, may decide to stop manufacturing a certain product, increase investment in the area of ​​human resources, hire a new manager, launch another brand and modify the motto or slogan of the firm.

Cognitive restructuring

A set of cognitive restructuring is called techniques which is part of cognitive behavioral therapies (which focus on linking behavior and thinking, while applying concepts and fundamentals of behavioral and cognitive psychology) and aims to modify the way in which it is interpreted and the environment is valued.

To get said change various actions that are part of a general strategy are carried out, such as the introduction of new cognitive habits in the patient's life and Socratic dialogue, which consists in demonstrating to a person that his ideas are not correct or adequate, getting him to accept the arguments that support his mistake.

It is common for human beings to misinterpret certain situations or even the people around us and for these thoughts to become an unquestionable part of our knowledge; this can lead us to experience a large number of disorders, since we end up believing that our reality It is negative and harmful to us. Cognitive restructuring serves to determine these errors, analyze them and be able to modify them.

Some of the activities that are part of the cognitive restructuring are the following:

* get the patient to modify certain irrational statements that arise as a result of others, rational (both are called self-affirmations, since they are directed towards the same person who produces them and usually have it as the protagonist);
* help you determine the emotion that is causing you pain , which can be anxiety, anger or a deep disappointment, among others;
* point out automatic thoughts, which are characterized by containing negative ideas and arising spontaneously before certain stimuli;
* make affirmations that serve to describe the alternative paths to face the situation or situations that until now seem impossible to cross.

Cognitive restructuring, whose main goal is to get the affected person to see the world around them more realistically, has its origins in 1958, by cognitive psychotherapist Albert Ellis. Since then it has been widely developed and its evolution continues today.

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