Fallow , originating in the Latin term vervactum, is a notion that allows naming the ground which is intended for culture but what It is not sown for more than a year with the aim of recovering its best conditions.
The fallow is the result of the action from fallow , which consists in plowing the soil without sowing it so that it can rest . The purpose of the fallow is avoid overexploitation of the natural resource .
The original populations of the American continent already appealed to fallow in ancient times. In the European continent the technique began to become popular from the Middle Ages .
Cultivation and rest cycles are combined through the fallow. In this way it is sought that the soil does not lose its qualities. Usually, during the fallow the ground is ara But it is not cultivated. This allows weed removal (which is used as fertilizer) and increases the humidity of the land , favoring the recovery of the minerals that are lost with the crop.
It is important to highlight that the fallow land is not left abandoned or inactive, but is subjected to different labors which serve to help her recover her nutrients so that it is possible to sow in it during the following season. There is, on the other hand, the concept of scraper, which does refer to the plot of land that does not work in any way between two specific crops.
Broadly speaking, it is possible to distinguish between two types of fallows, long and short : in the first group are those that contemplate a long period of time between one crop and another, so that the land can be fully recovered; the short fallow, on the other hand, does not exceed two years of break , which is why the land cannot be regenerated to one hundred percent.
This classification is associated with certain names that are part of the jargon of farmers . For example: if we talk about fallow year and time , we are referring to what allows the land to rest for a year; he fallow to the third , on the other hand, is one in which two years of rest are contemplated for each crop.
Besides of weather that the earth is allowed to rest is the way in which the fallow is applied, and this results in a new classification. He herbaceous fallow it is the one that consists of abandoning the earth completely, that is, not maintaining it in any way while resting (what is described above as scraper); he carved fallow It is just the opposite.
You can also talk about seed fallow , if something is sown during process (which may include legume species such as yeros, veza, chickpeas or lentils, which help enrich the soil), or white fallow , if nothing is sown.
At present, fallow is not practiced in most agribusiness farms as it is intended to obtain profits constantly, regardless of the destruction of the I usually ; one of the few exceptions is the extensive agriculture , which usually practice fallow along with crop rotation systems. In contrast, indigenous populations tend to keep the fallow to balance the use of natural resources and minimize the pressure exerted on the ground.
The expression "Sign fallow"On the other hand, it refers to initiating something without reading it or examining it . By example : “The lawyer made me sign the fallow contract”.
Also called fallow, finally colour soft brown which is associated with the hue of the fallow land.