He leather is the skin that covers the meat of the animals . The term, which has its origin in Latin corium, also allows to name said skin after tanning and treated for various uses. For example: "Do you like the leather wallet I bought?", "Claudia has a beautiful leather armchair in her living room", "These shoes are made of synthetic leather and are very resistant".
Leather is a tissue layer that covers the animal. Thanks to its flexibility and resistance, it is possible to manipulate and work it in different ways, transforming it into a material With various industrial uses.
Typically, by separating the skin layer from the body of the animal, hairs or wool are removed and the layer is subjected to tanning process . This consists of transforming the skin susceptible to rot into a leather that does not decompose and, therefore, can be used to make footwear, wallets, bags, jackets, pants, furniture and many other products.
In almost all parts of the world, there are more and more people who refuse to feed on the basis of products of animal origin and opt for a strict vegetarian diet that not only does not include meat of any kind, but also no egg or milk; They are called vegans and, apart from their diet, they also change any habit of their life that affects to some extent the freedom of the rest of the living species.
Leather of animal origin is used daily in a large number of products, as mentioned above; However, there are currently many alternative products that do not require suffering of a living being, and vegetable leather is one of the most prominent examples. It is a mixture of cotton and rubber that was first presented in 1992.
This alternative to animal leather is especially resistant, flexible and waterproof and shortly after having begun to be marketed many textile factories adopted it for their products, without this negatively affecting its prestige. He process The creation of vegetal leather is also respectful of the jungle, since it does not require the extraction of sap from trees.
The UN declared the manufacture of vegetable leather the "best ecological practice", since it respects the environment and also provides more work for latex collectors, thus creating a production cycle that benefits us all and does not contribute to torture.
To obtain the latex, which looks like a whitish-colored milk of a fairly high thickness, the seringuieros make incisions in the bark of the trees of the species hevea brasilensis (which in Brazil is mainly known by the name of seringa). Next, they pick it up in a metal container and process it before it becomes too hard.
The latex process consists of placing it on pure cotton sheets and then drying it with smoke, to later place these plates inside a special stove at a temperature Average of 100 degrees Celsius for a few hours. Finally, it is bathed in a sulfur solution to finish giving it the resistance that the market expects to find in vegetable leather.
The notion of leather, on the other hand, has different meanings in the colloquial language , according to the geographical region. In Argentina , The expression "Be in leather" refers to man shown with the naked torso (without a shirt): "Aren't you cold in leather?", “Entry into leather and barefoot is prohibited”.
In Dominican Republic , leather is synonymous with prostitute : "You look like leather", "Sometimes I think you're a leather".
Another use of the term in different regions is associated with value (or in the absence of it): "Surely he doesn't give you the leather to enter the abandoned house during the night".