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With etymological origin in the Latin word austrālis, the term southern can be used as adjective or as noun . In the first case, it is a qualifier used in geography and astronomy with reference to what belongs to the south .

Remember that the south is the Cardinal point that lies behind the person which, on your right, has the east. The concept, in this way, is used to name the area that is located in the southern sector of one region or that is farther south than another.

Picking up the idea from austral, we can refer to southern hemisphere or southern hemisphere. If the globe is divided into two halves from the equator line, the southern hemisphere is located below the northern or northern hemisphere.

In the southern hemisphere there are regions of Africa , Asian islands and of Oceania , South America and Australia . In addition, large sectors of the oceans Indian , peaceful and Atlantic they are also in this hemisphere .

He austral pole , on the other hand, is the southern point at which the axis of rotation cuts the earth's surface. Also called the South Pole, it is the southernmost region of the planet .

It is known by the name of Southern Chaco to one of the most important divisions of the region South American geographic denominated Grand chaco, which covers part of Argentina, Brazil and Bolivia. Unlike the other two parts, the Chaco Austral is entirely in Argentine soil, and its surface covers: the Santiago del Estero, Formosa and Chaco provinces completely; the north of Santa Fe; east of Salta; the northeast of Córdoba.

With respect to relief of the Southern Chaco, we can say that it shares characteristics with the rest of the Gran Chaco: it is a plain of considerable extension that, from a geological point of view, is related to the Pampas, although that of the Chaco is covered with forests and jungles. With the exception of the transition zones that are to the west, virtually no major geographical accident can be seen.

In Chile there is the Austral road , which is located in the South Zone of the country. If we rely on the data collected in 2014, your travel It had a total length of 1240 kilometers and connected Villa O'Higgins with Puerto Montt, but there are plans to expand the route.

The Highway Austral is the most important land transport route in the Province of Palena and the Aysén Region, as it allows its inhabitants to access the rest of the country while offering the possibility of an interesting trip through Chilean Patagonia. Its origin takes us to the year 1976, and for Chile it represented one of the most ambitious and expensive projects of the twentieth century .

Since the geographical characteristics of the areas through which the road passes are relatively complicated, since lakes, ice fields and turbulent rivers are common, repair work is very frequent and certain sections are not operational. In addition, it is necessary to point out that a large percentage of its surface has not been paved .

Southern it is also the name of the currency from Argentina between 1985 and 1992 , when it was replaced by the weight (current Argentine currency of legal tender).

The austral was created within the framework of the call Austral Plan , a Program driven by the minister of Economy Juan Vital Sourrouille during the presidency of Raul Alfonsin . The austral was equivalent to 1,000 Argentine pesos , the currency to which it replaced.

It is worth mentioning that a college , a air Line , a brand of beer and a daily They are named Southern .

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