The alveoli , a term that can also be pronounced with stress socket , are small cells, boxes, cavities or holes . The most common use of the notion is in the field of anatomy and biology .
The pulmonary alveoli Are the small terminal pits of the bronchioles . In them the exchange of gases between the air that was inhaled and the blood . These alveoli resemble sacks, where the body manages to get the oxygen it needs for its functioning.
Through the same opening, the gases enter and leave the pulmonary alveoli. In a human being adult, the lung is home to about 750 million alveoli.
It is called dental socket , on the other hand, to the jaw cavity where the teeth They are inserted. These dental alveoli, which are separated through the bone interalveolar septa , are compartments that exist in the alveolar bone .
On the alveolar bone, the three regions of the dental alveolus appear: the first is formed by the so-called cortical plates, of great resistance. Then there is the spongy layer, which covers the plates. Said spongy layer, in turn, surrounds the alveolar layer, which is the bone in itself.
The cortical alveoli , on the other hand, are organelles of certain cells , which they support. They are under the plasma membrane and are formed by vesicles.
The inflammation of the alveoli is known as alveolitis . This peculiarity can affect the pulmonary alveoli (by a allergy , for example) or to the dental alveoli (due to an infection).
Dry socket: definition and treatment
A complication that occurs in an average of 4% of patients undergoing dry alveolitis is known as tooth extraction . This disorder appears after the intervention, that is, in the postoperative period. Usually, this problem occurs after the removal of wisdom teeth, since they are the most complicated to manipulate and this operation it carries a greater degree of "violence".
In the hole that remains after the extraction of a dental piece, the alveolus, a blood clot usually forms, which has the main function of protecting this region of the gum; if it unravels or fails to form, then the socket is exposed and increases its vulnerability to potential attack by external agents, safe sources of inflammation and pain .
The symptom Alveolitis are easy to detect, especially because of appearing just after a surgical intervention in the mouth: from the first 24 hours a pain begins in the area of the socket, which usually improves momentarily and then sharpens sharply. In normal cases, the discomfort should not extend for more than 15 days.
There is a clear list of factors that increase the chances of inflammation of the socket , so it is important to know them for prevent it . Two issues that the patient cannot control are the difficulty of the intervention and the degree of surgical trauma, since they depend on the characteristics of his mouth and also on the skill of the dentist. On the other hand are smoking and oral contraceptive consumption, which can be avoided.
When the pain in the socket extends too much and does not remit, then it is necessary to visit the dentist to apply the treatment adequate, which usually begins with a serum rinse to get rid of waste. Analgesics, antibiotics and anti-inflammatories are very useful for treating dry alveolitis, as well as daily serum washes, as directed by the doctor.