It is interesting to begin by stating that the term cork oak is considered very rich, as long as it is the result of the contribution made by both Romans and Arabs and Hispanics. And it is considered to be the result of the sum of several components of the languages of those:
-The particle "al" derives from Arabic and is used to indicate "el" or "la".
-The noun "quercurs" comes from Latin and can be translated as "oak".
-The suffix "-oque" derives from "-occus". This seems to be a suffix of Hispanic origin.
It is called cork oak to a tree class that belongs to the family group of fagáceas . Scientific name Quercus suber , the cork oak is native to the European continent and North Africa, although its cultivation has extended to other regions .
The cork oak, which has a Cup Of great extension, it can reach a height of about ten meters. Its fruits are acorns , while it has flowers that cannot be seen easily. Its main feature, however, is its hard wood and its bark that is composed of cork .
This cork that is collected from the bark is the most important value for the exploitation of cork oaks. When the bark is removed, it is usual for this tree to be set aside for a few years until the extraction is carried out again. This allows not to deplete the production and get good quality cork (the crust requires some years to recover).
Cork has multiple uses. The most common is linked to the sealing of the bottles: with the cork of the cork oak they are manufactured plugs for champagne, wine and other products. Cork is also used in packing tasks, for coating or as insulating material.
Beyond the cork, the cork oak also takes advantage of its wood (which allows to produce charcoal-type coal) and for its acorns (intended for feeding animals ).
Other interesting facts that are worth knowing about the cork oak are the following:
-There is a formation of large cork oaks that is a reference in Spain and in Europe. We are referring to what is known as Las Pajareras and which belongs to the Doñana National Park.
-It should also be stressed that in Spain, specifically on the southern coast of the country, is the famous Alcornocales Park. It is a natural park that is considered one of the largest in the nation, belongs mostly to Cádiz and another area to Malaga. It has exactly the largest cork oak forest in Spain and is in perfect condition. It also has enclaves such as the Pico de El Aljibe and the Cueva del Tajo de las Figuras.
-Like many plants, flowers and trees, the cork oak has its symbology. Specifically, it is associated with values such as protect and maintain.
It should be noted that it also qualifies as cork oak to the individual who is stupid or illiterate . For example: “You are a cork oak! Don't you know that water and oil can't mix? ”, "Germán's cork tree wanted to fix the TV and caused a short circuit".