The term scavenger It is used to name that linked to the carrion : something that is corrupted or rotten or that results mean . He adjective It is usually used to qualify the animal whose diet is based on meat intake of the dead bodies of other animals to which it did not hunt .
The scavenger species , also calls ghouls , they eat corpses. Unlike predators, they do not participate in hunting or kill animals, but feed on their bodies . Their role in the food chain is very important since they contribute to the elimination of organic remains.
These inert bodies, which if not consumed by scavengers would contaminate the environment and generate an ecological imbalance, become by means of their action into new nutrients that return to the soil. We can say that it is a way of recycling that, like virtually everything we think we invented, nature designed long before us.
The vultures , the raccoons and the green flies They are some of the scavengers. It should be noted, however, that there are predators that, beyond hunting, they also adopt scavenger behavior on certain occasions. That is the case of hyenas , for example.
Crows are other of the best known scavengers, besides being very admired for their cunning. Squirrels and other little ones mammals Dying due to car accidents are one of its many food sources, which are complemented by pigeons and smaller bird eggs.
In the eastern hemisphere, the marabou storks they move along with hyenas and vultures in search of reptiles, fish and other dead animals; in some cases, they even feed on corpses Elephant
Suppose a lion chases, attacks and kills a deer. This carnivorous feline will eat meat of its prey and possibly leave leaving some remains. Then scavengers such as crows can come into action, which will feed on the deer hunted by the lion.
Scavengers also consume plant material that is in a state of decomposition . The source of the carrion, that is to say the food of these species, is not always the same, but its refusal to kill to keep it remains constant.
The scavengers know very well which animals should follow closely to have the food insured In fact, they usually have several potential fighters in sight until the first one is completed and the remains of the dams are available. In the countryside, people take advantage of the custom that these birds have of flying over the bodies to know if any of their animals have died.
In addition to the remains that hunters leave their prey , either because they do not want to continue eating or because they are not attractive to them, scavengers also feed on victims of car accidents, which occur very often on motorways and rural roads, but also in cities.
Natural death is another source of food for them, and this phenomenon occurs not only in the elderly but also in young that are born prematurely or who die because of a disease .
The notion of scavenger is also used to qualify the person which usually inquire into foreign miseries to criticize, generate conflicts or take advantage. A journalist who places a hidden camera to record how a famous actor with addiction problems buys drugs, and then broadcasts that recording on his television show can be mentioned as a scavenger.