The aerobic power is the organic capacity to develop sustained physical activities in the weather with reduced fatigue and rapid recovery. The notion of aerobiosis refers to life in an environment with oxygen ; in this case, the notion of aerobic is related to the possibility of developing a job with oxygen as a source of energy .
It is important to differentiate between aerobic exercises (long lasting and low intensity) and anaerobic exercises (short duration and high intensity). The aerobic power of a person is linked to your ability to do aerobic exercises (such as jogging), while the anaerobic power It has to do with your ability to complete anaerobic exercises (such as doing sit-ups).
Aerobic power, therefore, depends on how the organism manages to obtain oxygen through breathing and uses it in tissues and muscles. The greater the aerobic power, the greater the ability to perform a physical activity of low or medium intensity for an extended period of time (which may be several hours).
To run a marathon , a person must have great aerobic power. These races force the athlete to complete a 42-kilometer journey to the major speed possible, which means running for more than two hours. The runner will only be able to withstand the effort if he has a good aerobic power, which allows him to capture and take advantage of the oxygen and keep his heart rate under control.
There are different types of training which help to improve aerobic power so that, over time, said resistance and capacity will increase. It is important to note that this preparation has two main objectives: to achieve maximum aerobic speed and to make our body adapt to endure the suffering which involves the execution of a demanding practice over a long time.
Aerobic power training should be carried out in two periods: before the start of the competition or the sporting event of which you wish to participate, preferably several weeks in advance; during the competitive season, with the aim of maintaining the level between one match and the next. It is recommended to perform a heating before starting, either by bicycle or on foot, with an approximate duration of 1 hour.
Although at first glance the idea of aerobic power may seem simple, it is closely linked to other concepts, such as:
* the specific force : opposite to the general strength, it is about physically conditioning certain groups of muscles to overcome the practice of very demanding physical exercises;
* the career technique : Although the majority of human beings can run, in the sports field several factors are taken into account so that this action meets certain requirements and can be controlled. Some of the concepts to take into account in the career technique are stride frequency, the rest of the weight of the body while running and the orientation of the foot;
* he energy saving : an essential point of aerobic power is the economy of effort, since only by making the most of every action that our body performs can we support the performance of an exercise for several hours;
* the breathing : another of the concepts that are basic for people, but that from the point of view of a sports or singing professional, for example, acquires a series of nuances that make it a discipline in itself. What part of the lungs should be used, when to take air through the mouth and when to take it through the nose, how much air is needed for each exercise and how to keep it as long as possible are some of the primary questions.